The first eight years of his life were spent residing at his grandfathers whiteabbey residence, often playing for hours on the tranquil picturesque shoreline. The more general reasons for the failure of democracy to measure up to the ideal of its first protagonists are not far to seek. Full text of lord bryce on modern democracies internet archive. This definition excludes germany, austriahungary, and all of the. Democracy is that form of government in which the ruling power is vested not in any individual, or in a particular class or classes but in the members of the community as a whole. This means, in communities which act by voting, that rule. The democratic leader argues that leaders occupy a unique place in democracies. No government demands so much from the citizen as democracy and none gives back so much. According to lord bryce, democracy is that form of government in which the ruling power of a state is legally vested, not in any particular class or classes but in the members of the community as a whole. The progress of all, through all under the leadership of the best and the wisest. Political scientists regarding the definition of power. The oxford dictionary defines democracy as a government in which the. The primary purpose of lord bryce is neither to define nor to reform nor even to defend democracy.
His primary purpose is to exhibit modern popular government. There are several definitions of democracy lord james bryce defined democracy. Because being influenced by the constitutional system of britain bryce has defined constitution as an aggregate of customs. In the american commonwealth 1888, james bryce identified a political regimetype that he called government by public opinion, and argued that the united states had developed it to a greater degree than any other constitutional democracy then extant. Political parties and modern democracies scomposizioni.
Bryce was born in arthur street in belfast, county antrim, in ulster, ireland, the son of margaret, daughter of james young of whiteabbey, and james bryce, lld, from near coleraine, county londonderry. Lively defines democracy broadly, in terms of political equality lively 1975, p. According to lord bruce constitution is the aggregate of laws and customs under which the life of the state goes on. Once in place, government by public opinion sets both a lower bound and an upper bound on the performance of the american democracy, ensuring that. In this 2 volume work bryce surveys modern democracies including france. Bryce defines democracy as a form of government in which the ruling power of the state is largely vested in the members of community as a whole. Balkan states except greece, as those states were before the war.
The foundational principle of democracypopular sovereigntyimplies that the people must rule. A form of government in which the will of majority of qualified rules. But though we cannot define either oligarchy or democracy, we can usually know. Government by the freely chosen representatives of the people and not by the people themselves. See trevor wilson, lord bryces investigation into alleged german atrocities. The term democracy is derived from the greek words demos and kratos. Bryce s analysis entails that familiar propositions about the relationship between public opinion and the constitutional. Discussion within each party, culminating before elections in the adoption of a platform, brings certain issues to the front, defines them, expresses them in formulas. James bryce, 1st viscount bryce, om, gcvo, pc, frs, fba 10 may 1838 22 january 1922.581 449 1211 239 1432 736 253 1361 386 1007 309 1149 1175 1179 682 999 464 1410 936 1002 422 1288 415 1094 103 758 288 530 1479 1173 808 186 16 545 742 18 1392 601 325 779